Weather in Russia
The most important thing about Russian weather is this: it really depends on the region. Most of Russia lies in a moderate climate zone and is quite a comfortable place to live in.
According to the Russian Weather Service1, the climate in Russia is becoming warmer, so the famous Russian frosts are now a rarity.
Unlike many Western countries, central heating is on in all houses and public buildings during the winter season. Heaters also work in public transport during the winter months. When you are in your dormitory room, in a classroom, on the bus, in a cafe, museum or any other public place, you won’t be likely to get cold. However, we suggest taking your winter and autumn clothing seriously. Resisting the Russian frost is not about fearing the cold, rather about dressing warmly. In autumn you can do with a light coat or a raincoat, but in winter you will need a warm coat and boots, a cap and definitely gloves.
According to the statistics2, the biggest international student populations are in the Central (43.6%), North-Western (17%), Siberian (14.4%), Volga (10.5%) and Southern (8.4%) Federal Districts.
Weather in Russia by Federal District
Constituent entities of the Russian Federation
January Climatological Norm
Central Federal District
Moscow, Moscow Region, Belgorod, Bryansk, Vladimir, Voronezh, Ivanovo, Kaluga, Kostroma, Kursk, Lipetsk, Orel, Ryazan, Smolensk, Tambov, Tver, Tula, Yaroslavl.
North-Eastern Federal District
St. Petersburg, Leningrad Region, Arkhangelsk, Vologda, Kaliningrad, Murmansk, Novgorod, Pskov, Karelia, Komi, Nenets Autonomous District.
Southern Federal District
Rostov, Volgograd, and Astrakhan regions, Adygea, Kalmykia, and Krasnodar Krai.
North Caucasian Federal District
Dagestan, Ingushetia, Kabardino-Balkariya, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia-Alania, Stavropol Krai, Chechen Republic.
Volga Federal District
Nizhny Novgorod, Kirov, Samara, Saratov, Orenburg, Penza, Ulyanovsk, Tatarstan, Bashkortostan, Mariy El, Mordovia, Perm, Udmurtia, Chuvashia.
Ural Federal District
Sverdlovsk Region, Chelyabinsk, Kurgan, and Tyumen regions, Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous District, Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District.
Siberian Federal District
Novosibirsk, Omsk, Tomsk, Irkutsk, and Kemerovo regions, Krasnoyarsk Krai, Tyva, Khakassia, Republic of Altai, Altai Krai, Buryatia, Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai.
Far-Eastern Federal District
Khabarovsk Krai, Primorsky Krai, Amur, Magadan, and Sakhalin regions, Jewish Autonomous Region, Chukotka Autonomous Region, Sakha (Yakutia) Republic, Kamtchatka Krai.
Crimea Federal District
Republic of Crimea, Sevastopol
Weather in Russia by City
City/Average monthly temperature