History of Russian Higher Education

History of Russian Higher Education

Picture №1 – History of Russian higher education1687

Founding of Slavic-Greek-Latin Academy, the first university in Russia.

Picture №2 – History of Russian higher education1724

Founding of Petersburg Academy of Sciences, the forerunner of the current Russian Academy of Sciences.

Picture №3 – History of Russian higher education1755

Founding of Moscow State University (since 1940, M. Lomonosov MSU).

Picture №4 – History of Russian higher education1870

First higher courses for women are opened.

Picture №5 – History of Russian higher education1899

56 universities operating in Russia.

Picture №6 – History of Russian higher education1904

Distinguished Russian scientist Ivan Pavlov, a graduate of the Petersburg University (now SPbGU), is the first Russian to be awarded the Nobel prize for research on the physiology of digestion.

Picture №7 – History of Russian higher education1913

4 500 people teach in higher education in Russia, 127 400 people study at universities across the country.

Picture №8 – History of Russian higher education1917

150 universities in Russia.

Picture №9 – History of Russian higher education1918

Russia is the first country in the world to make higher education free. A decree is passed which allows workers to be admitted to university from the age of 16. This right is extended to all regardless of citizenship, sex, or possession of a school leaver’s certificate.

Picture №10 – History of Russian higher education1918-1919

Dozens of new universities are created. They are mainly established in the major cities of the Soviet Republic.

Picture №11 – History of Russian higher education1928

The first polytechnic institutes are founded.

Picture №12 – History of Russian higher education1930

During reform of higher education, universities are subordinated to governmental agencies. They create industrial institutes based in the faculties of major universities. In the 1930s, over 40 teaching, medical, economic and other institutes are founded. Academic departments were assigned to research institutes. The first evening and correspondence departments and institutes are opened.

Picture №13 – History of Russian higher education1944-1945

A fund of thesis papers is created.
In the last years of the Second World War, 60 new universities are opened.

Picture №14 – History of Russian higher education1950-е

Consolidation of universities takes place as part of efforts to improve the quality of education. Universities and departments for education specialists in the field of radioelectronics and electronic and computer engineering, automatics, biological physics, and biochemistry are opened.

Picture №15 – History of Russian higher education1981

494 state universities operate in the USSR.

Picture №16 – History of Russian higher education1990

180 000 international students at educational institutions in Russia.

Picture №17 – History of Russian higher education2003

Russia signs the Bologna Declaration becoming part of the single European higher education system.

Picture №18 – History of Russian higher education2007

Bachelor’s, Specialty and Master’s Programmes are introduced in Russia.

Picture №19 – History of Russian higher education2010

Graduates of MIPT Andrei Geim and Konstantin Novoselov are awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics for the discovery of graphene. Russia has given the world a total of 42 Nobel Prize winners.

Picture №20 – History of Russian higher education2013

Law expanding citizens’ rights to education comes into force and establishes requirements for educational programmes and standards, guaranteeing compliance with global education standards.


Picture №21 – History of Russian higher education

The Russian Academic Excellence Project 5-100 is launched, which aims to increase the competitiveness of leading Russian universities at the international level.

Picture №22 – History of Russian higher education2014

More than 50 Russian universities are ranked among the best universities in the BRICS countries by the British company Quacquarelli Symonds (QS). Twenty of them are in the top one hundred.


Picture №23 – History of Russian higher education

Seven Russian universities make the top 100 list of the best universities in the BRICS countries and other emerging economies of the world by respected UK publication Times Higher Education.

2017-2018
Picture №24 – History of Russian higher education

There are 896 universities in Russia.